IN 2015, Congress passed some changes to Social Security. The biggest changes affected the retirements aspects of the Social Security program:
The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-74; November 2, 2015), made some changes to Social Security’s laws about claiming retirement and spousal benefits. Section 831 of the law (entitled “Closure of Unintended Loopholes”) made several changes to the Social Security Act and closed two complex loopholes that were used primarily by married couples
For Social Security disability, the changes are minor. The main change is that the government now has money set aside to pay claims through at least 2022 (they didn’t before!). Other changes include an expansion of the Cooperative Disability Investigations (CDI) Program, which works with states to find and remove fraudulent claims. The changes also include funding of some pilot programs to help encourage more claimants to return to work, but the programs haven’t gone live yet.
Also, there were these insignificant changes in the law:
There are also a number of smaller provisions that make various changes to the SSDI program, including better coordination with the Office of Personnel Management (a provision included in the President’s budget), coordination of payroll data with commercial payroll services, expedited hiring of Administrative Law Judges when more are needed, and other small changes. CBO estimates that these changes will save about $380 million over the next 10 years, though only the payroll data change results in savings for Social Security.